Vascular Disorders (Varicose Veins)
Varicose veins are enlarged veins that can be blue, red or flesh colored. They are often raised above the skin on legs and look like twisted bulging cords. Varicose veins occur when the valves in the veins that carry blood from the legs toward the heart no longer function, causing blood to pool in the legs. Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is a progressive medical condition that worsens over time and affects the veins and vessels in the leg that carry oxygen-poor blood back toward the heart. Varicose veins, which are enlarged veins in the leg that appear like twisted, bulging cords, can progress to CVI if left untreated.
There are a number of factors that contribute to varicose veins and CVI, including pregnancy and heredity and previous blood clots. As varicose veins progress to become CVI, other painful symptoms like leg swelling, pain, chronic itching, restless legs, skin damage, hyperpigmentation, cellulitis, dermatitis, eczema as well as ulcers.
Minimally Invasive Treatments
Today, there are a number of minimally invasive treatment options that are covered by many insurance plans. While treatments like compression stockings are often first prescribed to manage symptoms, there are a variety of treatments that can actually treat the diseased veins to eliminate varicose veins, improve your quality of life and halt the progression of venous reflux. Treatment options include endovenous laser, radiofrequency ablation with adjunctive foam injection and microphebectomy are done at Memphis vein center by board certified specialist Dr. Kishore Arcot.
Symptoms of varicose veins include:
- Pain, heaviness or tiredness in legs.
- Swelling of ankles or lower legs.
- "Rope-y" veins under the surface.
- Skin discoloration and dryness around ankles.
Treatment for varicose veins includes conservative management, sclerotherapy, microphlebectomy, endovenous laser ablation, and ligation and stripping. The specific treatment is dependent on the severity of the varicose veins. Conservative management consists of wearing compression stockings, elevating the legs and taking oral anti-inflammatory medication. This therapy may reduce the symptom of varicose veins but it will not eliminate the underlying cause. Endovenous laser treatment eliminates varicose veins permanently, which is done in our office.
Memphis Vein Center provides state of the art laser varicose vein treatment
The conservative management of varicose vein/ venous reflux disease is wearing prescription-strength compression stockings which helps alleviate the swelling and pain caused by varicose veins. These stockings will also help heal any skin inflammation or ulcerations due to venous reflux. However the stockings do not eliminate the varicose veins. Since the faulty valve in the veins that are causing the reflex the symptoms may reoccur one you stop wearing the stockings. Some insurance companies are now requiring patients to wear prescription strength compression stockings for 3-6 months before they will consider reimbursement for treatment.
Exercising won't remove varicose veins, but it can help empty the blood out of varicose veins and help ease some of the uncomfortable symptoms. Exercising regularly will keep your veins and legs strong, which is a preventive measure as well as a treatment.
At Memphis Vein Center we evaluate and prescribe an appropriate compression therapy for venous reflux condition as needed.